A formal education program, particularly one accredited by or developed with a professional organization of interior designers, can provide training that meets a minimum standard of excellence and therefore gives a student an education of a high standard. There are also university graduate and Ph.d. programs available for those seeking further training in a specific design specialization (i.e. gerontological or healthcare design) or those wishing to teach interior design at the university level.
Elsie De Wolfe was one of the first interior designers. Rejecting the Victorian style she grew up with, she chose a more vibrant scheme, along with more comfortable furniture in the home. Her designs were light, with fresh colors and delicate Chinoiserie furnishings, as opposed to the Victorian preference of heavy, red drapes and upholstery, dark wood and intensely patterned wallpapers. Her designs were also more practical; she eliminated the clutter that occupied the Victorian home, enabling people to entertain more guests comfortably. In 1905, de Wolfe was commissioned for the interior design of the Colony Club on Madison Avenue; its interiors garnered her recognition almost over night. She compiled her ideas into her widely read 1913 book, The House in Good Taste.
Interior designers must be highly skilled in order to create interior environments that are functional, safe, and adhere to building codes, regulations and ADA requirements. They go beyond the selection of color palettes and furnishings and apply their knowledge to the development of construction documents, occupancy loads, healthcare regulations and sustainable design principles, as well as the management and coordination of professional services including mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and life safety—all to ensure that people can live, learn or work in an innocuous environment that is also aesthetically pleasing.
“Athena has the Midas touch: Give her simple ingredients and she will create elegant, memorable meals that are familiar but flawless. She understands the art of cooking beautifully, and the food in her mouthwatering manifesto is truly gold.”—Daphne Oz, bestselling author, cohost of The Chew
The geometric designs and heavy lines seem to be adapted from the area’s textile and weaving patterns. “In contrast with the sobriety of architecture and decoration in the rest of Arabia, exuberant color and ornamentation characterize those of Asir. The painting extends into the house over the walls and doors, up the staircases, and onto the furniture itself. When a house is being painted, women from the community help each other finish the job. The building then displays their shared taste and knowledge. Mothers pass these on to their daughters. This artwork is based on a geometry of straight lines and suggests the patterns common to textile weaving, with solid bands of different colors. Certain motifs reappear, such as the triangular mihrab or ‘niche’ and the palmette. In the past, paint was produced from mineral and vegetable pigments. Cloves and alfalfa yielded green. Blue came from the indigo plant. Red came from pomegranates and a certain mud. Paintbrushes were created from the tough hair found in a goat’s tail. Today, however, women use modern manufactured paint to create new looks, which have become an indicator of social and economic change.”
The interior walls of the home are brightly painted by the women, who work in defined patterns with lines, triangles, squares, diagonals and tree-like patterns. “Some of the large triangles represent mountains. Zigzag lines stand for water and also for lightning. Small triangles, especially when the widest area is at the top, are found in pre-Islamic representations of female figures. That the small triangles found in the wall paintings in ‘Asir are called banat may be a cultural remnant of a long-forgotten past.”
A pivotal figure in popularizing theories of interior design to the middle class was the architect Owen Jones, one of the most influential design theorists of the nineteenth century. Jones’ first project was his most important—in 1851, he was responsible for not only the decoration of Joseph Paxton’s gigantic Crystal Palace for the Great Exhibition but also the arrangement of the exhibits within. He chose a controversial palette of red, yellow, and blue for the interior ironwork and, despite initial negative publicity in the newspapers, was eventually unveiled by Queen Victoria to much critical acclaim. His most significant publication was The Grammar of Ornament (1856), in which Jones formulated 37 key principles of interior design and decoration.
It was not until later that specific representation for the interior design profession was developed. The US National Society of Interior Designers was established in 1957, while in the UK the Interior Decorators and Designers Association was established in 1966. Across Europe, other organisations such as The Finnish Association of Interior Architects (1949) were being established and in 1994 the International Interior Design Association was founded.
The color themes of Art Deco consisted of metallic color, neutral color, bright color, and black and white. In interior design, cool metallic colors including silver, gold, metallic blue, charcoal grey, and platinum tended to predominate. Serge Chermayeff, a Russian-born British designer made extensive use of cool metallic colors and luxurious surfaces in his room schemes. His 1930 showroom design for a British dressmaking firm had a silver-grey background and black mirrored-glass wall panels.
In the past, interiors were put together instinctively as a part of the process of building. The profession of interior design has been a consequence of the development of society and the complex architecture that has resulted from the development of industrial processes. The pursuit of effective use of space, user well-being and functional design has contributed to the development of the contemporary interior design profession. The profession of interior design is separate and distinct from the role of interior decorator, a term commonly used in the US. The term is less common in the UK, where the profession of interior design is still unregulated and therefore, strictly speaking, not yet officially a profession.
Installment by L. Gargantini for the Bolzano fair, 1957. Photo by Paolo Monti (Fondo Paolo Monti, BEIC).
“Athena’s delicate modern take on design shines through all she does and particularly in her culinary efforts. I love Cook Beautiful — it’s full of unexpected but delicious ingredient profiles and colorful veggie options.— Hannah Bronfman, creator of HBFIT
In 1882, the London Directory of the Post Office listed 80 interior decorators. Some of the most distinguished companies of the period were Crace, Waring & Gillowm and Holland & Sons; famous decorators employed by these firms included Thomas Edward Collcutt, Edward William Godwin, Charles Barry, Gottfried Semper, and George Edmund Street.
Interior design has become the subject of television shows. In the United Kingdom, popular interior design and decorating programs include 60 Minute Makeover (ITV), Changing Rooms (BBC), and Selling Houses (Channel 4). Famous interior designers whose work is featured in these programs include Linda Barker and Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen. In the United States, the TLC Network aired a popular program called Trading Spaces, a show based on the UK program Changing Rooms. In addition, both HGTV and the DIY Network also televise many programs about interior design and decorating, featuring the works of a variety of interior designers, decorators, and home improvement experts in a myriad of projects.
At this holiday party from Camille Styles, we see the beauty of the “make something, buy something” philosophy. Made: butternut squash and blue cheese mini pizzas. Bought: elegant cream puffs, which can be purchased in the frozen foods section of the grocery store. Also note that the party featured a catered item, as well as a delicious dessert made by Camille’s mom. The bottom line: you don’t have to cook and prepare everything on your own.
“We’ve all swooned over Athena Calderone’s impeccable style, and now she shares her secrets to making her food—and table—so gorgeous. The inspiring tips in Cook Beautiful will help you create a feast for the eyes, so you can entertain on an entirely new level.” —Christine Muhlke, editor at large, Bon Appétit
Folks, I wouldn’t have made it through the last couple of gatherings I hosted if I hadn’t begun preparing food the night before. One favorite “night before” concoction? Iced tea. After all, if you have to brew it hot, you will need to provide plenty of time for it to cool in the fridge. And there’s nothing like waking up the morning of a gathering to realize “the drinks are ready to go!” [image by Nusrat Azim, from Eye of the Beholder
It is essential to interior designers to acquire a deep experience with colors, understand their psychological effects, and understand the meaning of each color in different locations and situations in order to create suitable combinations for each place.
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Color is a powerful design tool in decoration, as well as in interior design, which is the art of composing and coordinating colors together to create a stylish scheme on the interior architecture of the space.
The interior design profession became more established after World War II. From the 1950s onwards, spending on the home increased. Interior design courses were established, requiring the publication of textbooks and reference sources. Historical accounts of interior designers and firms distinct from the decorative arts specialists were made available. Organisations to regulate education, qualifications, standards and practices, etc. were established for the profession.
Someone may wish to specialize and develop technical knowledge specific to one area or type of interior design, such as residential design, commercial design, hospitality design, healthcare design, universal design, exhibition design, furniture design, and spatial branding. Interior design is a creative profession that is relatively new, constantly evolving, and often confusing to the public. It is not an artistic pursuit and relies on research from many fields to provide a well-trained understanding of how people are influenced by their environments.
“One of my strongest convictions, and one of the first canons of good taste, is that our houses, like the fish’s shell and the bird’s nest, ought to represent our individual taste and habits.
“Athena’s cooking is as stylish as she is—if only I could dress as good as she cooks.”—Laura Brown, editor in chief of InStyle
Illustrated catalog of the James Shoolbred Company, published in 1876.
This interior was designed by John Dibblee Crace, President of the Institute of British Decorators, established in 1899.
Our next featured party tip: make something and buy something! Honestly, you don’t have to prepare each edible from scratch for your party to be authentic. Even if you cater the food, try putting your own special stamp on the event with a refreshing extra, such as flavored water. Check out A Cup of Jo for three delicious flavored water recipes: blackberry sage, mixed citrus and ginger mint, as shown below…
With a warm breeze in the air and the promise of summer days to come, we at Decoist are on a bit of an entertaining kick! In fact, earlier this week we spotlighted stylish serving pieces for summer entertaining, and today we showcase the magic that results when good design meets good food. Yes, we’re talking about the art of entertaining!
“I love how Athena always sees the beauty in food. It’s a treat to have an entire book that reflects her amazing vision—and one that’s filled with so many incredible recipes.”—Kerry Diamond, editorial director of Cherry Bombe
Our first tip is simple: make the event special with a few easy-to-create touches. And there’s no one right way to do this! Some people relish the opportunity to add a variety of party decorations to the mix. Others create one or two small touches that make a big statement. It’s amazing what a little festivity will do! These Fringe Burst Stir Sticks (a DIY project from Confetti Pop) are easy to craft, and they add a whimsical dose of color. Below we see images from a Confetti Pop photo shoot for Camille Styles. Note the refreshing summer palette:
Interior design has also become the subject of radio shows. In the U.S., popular interior design & lifestyle shows include Martha Stewart Living and Living Large featuring Karen Mills. Famous interior designers whose work is featured on these programs include Bunny Williams, Barbara Barry, and Kathy Ireland, among others.
Ice cream social treatsSimplify Your Event by Labeling Food and Drinks
“Style and beauty are what Athena brings to anything she does. She is one of these magicians that make you wonder how it’s done, but then she’s also the great friend who will explain to you how to do it. And you’re like ‘I can’t believe it was that simple!’—the nature of inspiration, in other words!”— Garance Doré, bestselling author and illustrator
“There’s a reason we all snap photos of our food these days—it’s gorgeous. Or at least it should be. Just follow Athena Calderone, who proves that simple, delicious dishes can look as good as they taste.’— Adam Rapport, editor in chief of Bon Appétit
We LOVE this next idea from A Subtle Revery! Use condiments such as mustard and ketchup to label hamburger buns so the griller knows exactly how to prepare the meat for each guest. The same idea can work for a variety of edibles, eliminating the need for a pen and paper to keep track of requests when food is made to order.
Residential design is the design of the interior of private residences. As this type design is very specific for individual situations, the needs and wants of the individual are paramount in this area of interior design. The interior designer may work on the project from the initial planning stage or may work on the remodelling of an existing structure. It is often a very involved process that takes months to fine-tune and create a space with the vision of the client.
In America, Candace Wheeler was one of the first woman interior designers and helped encourage a new style of American design. She was instrumental in the development of art courses for women in a number of major American cities and was considered a national authority on homedesign. An important influence on the new profession was The Decoration of Houses, a manual of interior design written by Edith Wharton with architect Ogden Codman in 1897 in America. In the book, the authors denounced Victorian-style interior decoration and interior design, especially those rooms that were decorated with heavy window curtains, Victorian bric-a-brac, and overstuffed furniture. They argued that such rooms emphasized upholstery at the expense of proper space planning and architectural design and were, therefore, uncomfortable and rarely used. The book is considered a seminal work, and its success led to the emergence of professional decorators working in the manner advocated by its authors, most notably Elsie de Wolfe.
Today’s final party tip for easy, artful entertaining involves knowing what you enjoy and do well, then using it to put your stamp on the evening. For example, I always arrange and display my party glasses in rows, pre-filling some with ice and mint (for water and tea) and others with special goodies like peach puree (so guests can mix their own bellinis). This cuts down on the time I spend serving guests their drinks and makes it easy for them to take the reigns. Below we see Prosecco Sparkling Wine glasses from Crate & Barrel:
Ellen Mazur Thomson, author of Origins of Graphic Design in America (1997), determined that professional status is achieved through education, self-imposed standards and professional gate-keeping organizations. Having achieved this, interior design became an accepted profession.
Did you enjoy a taste of foodie fun?! Tell us about your summer entertaining plans. Is there a housewarming party in store for you? Are you hosting a special event for a friend or a loved one? Which of the images above inspired you in your entertaining endeavors? We’d love to hear from you! Share your thoughts by leaving a comment below…
Also from Hostess with the Mostess is the Chic & Rustic Cheese Tasting Table below, styled by All the Frills. Fresh fruit, gourmet cheese and French rolls are a few of the highlights, along with fresh rosemary and a blackboard background that evokes a true bistro feel.
Modern design grew out of the decorative arts, mostly from the Art Deco, in the early 20th century. One of the first to introduce this style was Frank Lloyd Wright, who hadn’t become hugely popularized until completing the house called Fallingwater in the 1930s. Modern art reached its peak in the 1950s and ’60s, which is why designers and decorators today may refer to modern design as being “mid-century.” Modern art does not refer to the era or age of design and is not the same as contemporary design, a term used by interior designers for a shifting group of recent styles and trends.
In England, Syrie Maugham became a legendary interior designer credited with designing the first all-white room. Starting her career in the early 1910s, her international reputation soon grew; she later expanded her business to New York City and Chicago. Born during the Victorian Era, a time characterized by dark colors and small spaces, she instead designed rooms filled with light and furnished in multiple shades of white and mirrored screens. In addition to mirrored screens, her trademark pieces included: books covered in white vellum, cutlery with white porcelain handles, console tables with plaster palm-frond, shell, or dolphin bases, upholstered and fringed sleigh beds, fur carpets, dining chairs covered in white leather, and lamps of graduated glass balls, and wreaths.
Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space. An interior designer is someone who plans, researches, coordinates, and manages such projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, space planning, site inspections, programming, research, communicating with the stakeholders of a project, construction management, and execution of the design.
Are there party planning tips that I’ve missed? What tried and true entertaining pointers help make your events magical ones? Share your thoughts by leaving a comment below…
The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the English-speaking world and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate.
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“This book is the closest thing to dining at Athena’s home, an experience I cherish as it’s always full of laughter, beauty, and incredible food. In Cook Beautiful, Athena thoughtfully guides readers through the seasons and shows how a little effort in entertaining can create truly special memories.”—Nate Berkus, interior designer, product designer, and bestselling author
We begin with one of the most impressive ways that interior design has merged with the art of entertaining in recent years: the party table! Yes, while once an endeavor that was left to the professionals, the creation of party tables has become a DIY phenomenon, and a slew of blogs are devoted to perfecting this art form! One such blog is Hostess with the Mostess, which showcases amazing party tables like the Ruffled Rainbow Dessert Table below. We’re loving the ombre paper rosette backdrop as much as the display of decadent treats! [designed by Paiges of Style]
This type of firm emerged in America after the Civil War. The Herter Brothers, founded by two German emigre brothers, began as an upholstery warehouse and became one of the first firms of furniture makers and interior decorators. With their own design office and cabinet-making and upholstery workshops, Herter Brothers were prepared to accomplish every aspect of interior furnishing including decorative paneling and mantels, wall and ceiling decoration, patterned floors, and carpets and draperies.
In fact, all of today’s featured goodies and spreads take a designer approach to food styling, and we’re sure you’ll find inspiration in the images that follow. From rainbow ruffles that deck the walls and party tables for special desserts and lavender whipped cream that matches the tabletop decor, there’s something special that happens when the host of a party pays attention to the display as well as the menu. Enjoy the colorful ideas that follow, and let them prompt you to throw your own summer fete! Bon appetit!
Black and white was also a very popular color scheme during the 1920s and 1930s. Black and white checkerboard tiles, floors and wallpapers were very trendy at the time. As the style developed, bright vibrant colors became popular as well.
The Art Deco style began in Europe in the early years of the 20th century, with the waning of Art Nouveau. The term “Art Deco” was taken from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes, a world’s fair held in Paris in 1925. Art Deco rejected many traditional classical influences in favour of more streamlined geometric forms and metallic color. The Art Deco style influenced all areas of design, especially interior design, because it was the first style of interior decoration to spotlight new technologies and materials.
By the turn of the 20th century, amateur advisors and publications were increasingly challenging the monopoly that the large retail companies had on interior design. English feminist author Mary Haweis wrote a series of widely read essays in the 1880s in which she derided the eagerness with which aspiring middle-class people furnished their houses according to the rigid models offered to them by the retailers. She advocated the individual adoption of a particular style, tailor made to the individual needs and preferences of the customer:
Art Deco furnishings and lighting fixtures had a glossy, luxurious appearance with the use of inlaid wood and reflective finishes. The furniture pieces often had curved edges, geometric shapes, and clean lines. Art Deco lighting fixtures tended to make use of stacked geometric patterns.
Illustration from The Grammar of Ornament (1856), by interior designer Owen Jones.
Many of the most famous designers and decorators during the 20th century had no formal training. Some examples include Sister Parish, Robert Denning and Vincent Fourcade, Kerry Joyce, Kelly Wearstler, Stéphane Boudin, Georges Geffroy, Emilio Terry, Carlos de Beistegui, Nina Petronzio, Lorenzo Mongiardino, and David Nightingale Hicks.
“In Cook Beautiful, Athena Calderone unites her twin passions of cooking and styling. Her glorious food takes on a magnificent, almost otherworldly, loveliness through an extraordinary use of color, shape, and texture. After studying every picture, I’m ready to replicate it myself!”—Dana Cowin, journalist and former editor in chief of Food & Wine Magazine
As department stores increased in number and size, retail spaces within shops were furnished in different styles as examples for customers. One particularly effective advertising tool was to set up model rooms at national and international exhibitions in showrooms for the public to see. Some of the pioneering firms in this regard were Waring & Gillow, James Shoolbred, Mintons, and Holland & Sons. These traditional high-quality furniture making firms began to play an important role as advisers to unsure middle class customers on taste and style, and began taking out contracts to design and furnish the interiors of many important buildings in Britain.
Athena Calderone believes that food simply tastes better when it’s visually alluring and made with love. As the voice and curator behind EyeSwoon, Athena cooks with top chefs, hosts incredible dinners, and designs stunning tablescapes, while emphasizing the importance of balancing the visual elements of each dish with incredible flavors. In Cook Beautiful she shares how to achieve her impeccable yet approachable cooking style in every season.
We finish with a series of designer desserts that are sure to end the night on a sweet note. We couldn’t resist the image and recipe below from Camille Styles, which uses tabletop pieces, texture and color to create a treat that may as well be a work of art. This layered chocolate and lavender-vanilla bean panna cotta is captivating precisely because of its layers, as well as the purple hue achieved by a whipped cream that’s colored with culinary lavender. Got lavender napkins or plates? Even better! Check out the full recipe at CamilleStyles.com.
Women in the Asir province often complete the decoration and painting of the house interior. “You could tell a family’s wealth by the paintings,” Um Abdullah says: “If they didn’t have much money, the wife could only paint the motholath,” the basic straight, simple lines, in patterns of three to six repetitions in red, green, yellow and brown.” When women did not want to paint the walls themselves, they could barter with other women who would do the work. Several Saudi women have become famous as majlis painters, such as Fatima Abou Gahas.
Are you a fan of Mid-Century modern design? So are we! And so is Soiree, a wedding and event coordination company that created the Mid-Century Modern Dinner Party below. The delicious frozen treats below are beautifully accented by retro-style bands that surround each small glass. An abundance of rich wooden tones also set a vintage tone. [image by Andrea Hubbell Photography via Modern Mindy]
Labeling food can actually make your party run more smoothly. We’re not talking about the color-coordinated computer printout labels that unite each and every item in a uniform theme. If you enjoy covering each water bottle with its own official party label, be our guest. But that level of meticulous planning isn’t necessary. Try homemade labels that are easy to prepare and helpful for guests. Why spend the whole night answering questions about each edible? Spell it out from the start and you won’t be chained to the food table. Below we see the beauty of ingredient labels at a Fancy Grilled Cheese Party from A Beautiful Mess:
Since I’ve been thrown into the deep end of the entertaining pool, I’ve had to rely on a few party survival tips. Don’t get me wrong–I love entertaining! But the more I do it, the more I realize that a few tidbits hold true each time I gather friends and family together. Today I highlight my top 5 tips with the help of gorgeous images from a range of sources, such as party planning blogs. Enjoy, and don’t forget to share your party planning tips by leaving a comment at the end of the post!
Throughout the 17th and 18th century and into the early 19th century, interior decoration was the concern of the homemaker, or an employed upholsterer or craftsman who would advise on the artistic style for an interior space. Architects would also employ craftsmen or artisans to complete interior design for their buildings.
Jones was employed by some of the leading interior design firms of the day; in the 1860s, he worked in collaboration with the London firm Jackson & Graham to produce furniture and other fittings for high-profile clients including art collector Alfred Morrison as well as Ismail Pasha, Khedive of Egypt.
“In Cook Beautiful, Athena teaches aspiring home chefs how to prepare meals that are not only beautiful, but also nourishing for the body and soul.” —Lauren Bush, CEO and founder of FEED
While a table that is perfectly color coordinated is undeniably alluring, we at Decoist are also drawn to party tables that eclectically mix elements such as colorful desserts, earth-toned nibbles and radiant fresh fruit. Yes, we’re talking about the Colorful Chevron Dessert Table below! Created for the birthday party of two siblings, this amazing spread features eye-catching goodies like a cake and wrapped chocolate bars, both decorated with designs inspired by the chevron pattern and Aztec prints. Check out all of the details at Sweet Designs. [party designed by Frame & Bow]
Cook Beautiful is where design meets food, where culinary tradition marries food styling, where home chefs become experts.
In the mid-to-late 19th century, interior design services expanded greatly, as the middle class in industrial countries grew in size and prosperity and began to desire the domestic trappings of wealth to cement their new status. Large furniture firms began to branch out into general interior design and management, offering full house furnishings in a variety of styles. This business model flourished from the mid-century to 1914, when this role was increasingly usurped by independent, often amateur, designers. This paved the way for the emergence of the professional interior design in the mid-20th century.
Next we have a DIY project that will add a whimsical, industrial twist to your next dessert spread. It’s a Cupcake Stand DIY project from Lowe’s, created with satin nickel cup pulls, among other supplies (such as spray paint in an avocado hue). We’re loving how the green of the stand plays off the pinks and reds of the sweets. Perfect for pastel treats!
Other areas of specialization include amusement and theme park design, museum and exhibition design, exhibit design, event design (including ceremonies, weddings, baby and bridal showers, parties, conventions, and concerts), interior and prop styling, craft styling, food styling, product styling, tablescape design, theatre and performance design, stage and set design, scenic design, and production design for film and television. Beyond those, interior designers, particularly those with graduate education, can specialize in healthcare design, gerontological design, educational facility design, and other areas that require specialized knowledge. Some university programs offer graduate studies in theses and other areas. For example, both Cornell University and the University of Florida offer interior design graduate programs in environment and behavior studies.
Few cookbooks for the home cook focus on the visual side of cooking, which is why dishes so often don’t turn out like the picture. In Cook Beautiful, every recipe is accompanied by a “Swoon Tip,” in which Calderone spills her secrets for making food look as good as it tastes, and each section closes with a tablescape inspired by nature, along with specific table décor and entertaining tips. The book includes 100 recipes with step-by-step advice on everything from prep to presentation—from artfully layering a peach and burrata salad to searing a perfect steak.
In ancient India, architects used to work as interior designers. This can be seen from the references of Vishwakarma the architect – one of the gods in Indian mythology. Additionally, the sculptures depicting ancient texts and events are seen in palaces built in 17th-century India. In medieval times wall art paintings in India have been a common feature of palace like mansions commonly known as havelis. While most traditional homes are done away with modern buildings, there are around 2000 havelis in the Shekhawati region of Rajashtan that display wall art paintings.
“Majlis painting”, also called nagash painting, is the decoration of the majlis, or front parlor of traditional Arabic homes, in the Asir province of Saudi Arabia and adjoining parts of Yemen. These wall paintings, an arabesque form of mural or fresco, show various geometric designs in bright colors: “Called ‘nagash’ in Arabic, the wall paintings were a mark of pride for a woman in her house.”
While grand displays of decadence are clearly amazing, we can’t forget about the joy of a delicious, beautifully styled dish, especially when everything, from tablecloth to utensils, has been carefully laid out. This gorgeous photo from Canelle et Vanille includes fresh tomatoes, as well as an assortment of gingham and pastel accents, including refreshing aqua plates…
Interior designer implies that there is more of an emphasis on planning, functional design and the effective use of space, as compared to interior decorating. An interior designer in fineline design can undertake projects that include arranging the basic layout of spaces within a building as well as projects that require an understanding of technical issues such as window and door positioning, acoustics, and lighting. Although an interior designer may create the layout of a space, they may not alter load-bearing walls without having their designs stamped for approval by a structural engineer. Interior designers often work directly with architects, engineers and contractors.
Something made, something boughtPrepare Some Items the Night Before
Speaking of beautiful styling, if you’re into food and design, you can’t miss the blog of visual multi-disciplinary designer, prop stylist and photographer Dietlind Wolf! Below we see fresh radishes and assorted greens displayed on dish, napkin and tablecloth in shades of lavender, robin’s egg blue and soft pink. Sometimes the key to letting the food speak for itself is knowing just how to offset it. Talk about creating a picture with edibles and color!
There are a wide range of working conditions and employment opportunities within interior design. Large and tiny corporations often hire interior designers as employees on regular working hours. Designers for smaller firms and online renovation platforms usually work on a contract or per-job basis. Self-employed designers, which make up 26% of interior designers, usually work the most hours. Interior designers often work under stress to meet deadlines, stay on budget, and meet clients’ needs.
Art Deco style is mainly based on geometric shapes, streamlining, and clean lines. The style offered a sharp, cool look of mechanized living utterly at odds with anything that came before.
Notable interior designers in the world today include Scott Salvator, Troy Adams, Jonathan Adler, Michael S. Smith, Martin Brudnizki, Mary Douglas Drysdale, Kelly Hoppen, Kelly Wearstler, Nina Campbell, David Collins, Nate Berkus, Sandra Espinet, Jo Hamilton and Nicky Haslam.
The move toward decoration as a separate artistic profession unrelated to the manufacturers and retailers received an impetus with the 1899 formation of the Institute of British Decorators; with John Dibblee Crace as its president, it represented almost 200 decorators around the country. By 1915, the London Directory listed 127 individuals trading as interior decorators, of which 10 were women. Rhoda and Agnes Garrett were the first women to train professionally as home decorators in 1874. The importance of their work on design was regarded at the time as on a par with that of William Morris. In 1876, their work – Suggestions for House Decoration in Painting, Woodwork and Furniture – spread their ideas on artistic interior design to a wide middle-class audience.
While I admit that I don’t add party decorations to my home every time I have people over, I do enjoy creating special touches in the form of beautifully prepared food. If done well, the food becomes part of the party decor! Even basic treats can be presented with flair, as shown by our next featured event, an ice cream tasting party from SF Girl by the Bay…
Cook Beautiful is where design meets food, where culinary tradition marries food styling, where home chefs become experts. These are luscious dishes to make for friends and family, with advice that will inspire visually stunning and delicious culinary masterpieces.
“Athena’s warmth, curiosity, and beauty are effortlessly translated into everything she creates, making our mouths water and eyes swoon in Cook Beautiful!” —Carolyn Murphy, supermodel and Shinola creative consultant
In many countries, several university degree courses are now available, including those on interior architecture, taking three or four years to complete.
References External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Interior design.
The art déco interior of the grand concourse at the 30th Street Station in Philadelphia
There are various paths that one can take to become a professional interior designer. All of these paths involve some form of training. Working with a successful professional designer is an informal method of training and has previously been the most common method of education. In many states, however, this path alone cannot lead to licensing as a professional interior designer. Training through an institution such as a college, art or design school or university is a more formal route to professional practice.
Typical interior of one of the houses in the Folk Architecture Reservation in Vlkolínec (Slovakia)
Interior design was previously seen as playing a secondary role to architecture. It also has many connections to other design disciplines, involving the work of architects, industrial designers, engineers, builders, craftsmen, etc. For these reasons, the government of interior design standards and qualifications was often incorporated into other professional organisations that involved design. Organisations such as the Chartered Society of Designers, established in the UK in 1986, and the American Designers Institute, founded in 1938, governed various areas of design.
Fictional interior decorators include the Sugarbaker sisters on Designing Women and Grace Adler on Will & Grace. There is also another show called Home MADE. There are two teams and two houses and whoever has the designed and made the worst room, according to the judges, is eliminated. Another show on the Style Network, hosted by Niecy Nash, is Clean House where they re-do messy homes into themed rooms that the clients would like. Other shows include Design on a Dime, Designed to Sell, and The Decorating Adventures of Ambrose Price. The show called Design Star has become more popular through the 5 seasons that have already aired. The winners of this show end up getting their own TV shows, of which are Color Splash hosted by David Bromstad, Myles of Style hosted by Kim Myles, Paint-Over! hosted by Jennifer Bertrand, The Antonio Treatment hosted by Antonio Ballatore, and finally Secrets from a Stylist hosted by Emily Henderson. Bravo also has a variety of shows that explore the lives of interior designers. These include Flipping Out, which explores the life of Jeff Lewis and his team of designers; Million Dollar Decorators explores the lives of interior designers Nathan Turner, Jeffrey Alan Marks, Mary McDonald, Kathryn Ireland, and Martyn Lawrence Bullard.
An electric wire reel reused as a center table at a Rio de Janeiro decoration fair
By 1900, the situation was described by The Illustrated Carpenter and Builder:
I’ve also gotten into the habit of slicing produce the night before so it’s ready to go. This includes citrus fruit that will garnish the drinks, strawberries that will be served with dessert, and vegetables that will be sauteed in a pan as part of the main course. That way, as the event approaches, all you have to do is cook and assemble. Chopping items can be time consuming. Take that factor out of the equation for the big day. [from Spoons to Sporks]
“Courtyards and upper pillared porticoes are principal features of the best Nadjdi architecture, in addition to the fine incised plaster wood (jiss) and painted window shutters, which decorate the reception rooms. Good examples of plasterwork can often be seen in the gaping ruins of torn-down buildings- the effect is light, delicate and airy. It is usually around the majlis, around the coffee hearth and along the walls above where guests sat on rugs, against cushions. Doughty wondered if this “parquetting of jis”, this “gypsum fretwork… all adorning and unenclosed” originated from India. However, the Najd fretwork seems very different from that seen in the Eastern Province and Oman, which are linked to Indian traditions, and rather resembles the motifs and patterns found in ancient Mesopotamia. The rosette, the star, the triangle and the stepped pinnacle pattern of dadoes are all ancient patterns, and can be found all over the Middle East of antiquity. Al-Qassim Province seems to be the home of this art, and there it is normally worked in hard white plaster (though what you see is usually begrimed by the smoke of the coffee hearth). In Riyadh, examples can be seen in unadorned clay.
Art Deco rejected traditional materials of decoration and interior design, opting instead to use more unusual materials such as chrome, glass, stainless steel, shiny fabrics, mirrors, aluminium, lacquer, inlaid wood, sharkskin, and zebra skin. The use of harder, metallic materials was chosen to celebrate the machine age. These materials reflected the dawning modern age that was ushered in after the end of the First World War. The innovative combinations of these materials created contrasts that were very popular at the time – for example the mixing together of highly polished wood and black lacquer with satin and furs. The barber shop in the Austin Reed store in London was designed by P. J. Westwood. It was soon regarded as the trendiest barber shop in Britain due to its use of metallic materials.
Commercial design encompasses a wide range of subspecialties.
We now move to a party table featuring softer hues in the gold and pink families. In fact, a wonderful vintage vibe is created by these rich yet delicate colors, and shades of gold and champagne are the perfect transitional hues that lead the eye from the pinks to the browns. A truffle cake, a macaroon topiary and apothecary jars filled with flowers are other design highlights. [table by Eclat Event Design; photo by Nancy Aidee Photography via Araya Artisan Chocolate]
Interior design is the art and science of understanding people’s behavior to create functional spaces within a building. Decoration is the furnishing or adorning of a space with fashionable or beautiful things. In short, interior designers may decorate, but decorators do not design.
Feeling like a fiesta? Check out the black bean tacos with mango and avocado salsa shown in the next featured image. In this display from Love and Lemons, the yellow-orange hue of the mangoes pops against a tablecloth of hot pink papel picado, cut into festive designs. Can you imagine how amazing the drinks look when garnished by the paisley pink umbrellas below?…
“I’ve always admired Athena as a friend and visionary. Her balance and focus on ingredients make her so good at what she does, and now they’ve finally come together so perfectly in this book. She sure can cook beautiful!”—Dan Kluger, James Beard Award–nominated chef and owner of Loring Place
“Until recently when a man wanted to furnish he would visit all the dealers and select piece by piece of furniture ….Today he sends for a dealer in art furnishings and fittings who surveys all the rooms in the house and he brings his artistic mind to bear on the subject.
“Cook Beautiful is a stunning reminder to look at our plates and market baskets with fresh eyes and an appreciation for the bounty of each season. Athena’s thoughtful kitchen insight and artful approach lure you with every recipe. I dare you to resist her call to get cooking!”—Gail Simmons, food critic, TV host, and author of Bringing It Home
Terracotta Art Deco sunburst design above front doors of the Eastern Columbia Building in Los Angeles; built 1930.
Finally, I have a signature appetizer that is easy to prepare and lovely to look at, thanks to pink peppercorns and sumac. Crush the peppercorns with a mortar and pestle, then pour them onto a plate with the sumac. Roll a log of goat cheese in the mixture, and you have a rosy, seasoned treat. If you want to take it up a notch, you can add gold flakes and dried rose petals, as shown below with this Pink, Gold and Delicious Goat Cheese Appetizer from Cupcakes & Cutlery:
In ancient Egypt, “soul houses” or models of houses were placed in tombs as receptacles for food offerings. From these, it is possible to discern details about the interior design of different residences throughout the different Egyptian dynasties, such as changes in ventilation, porticoes, columns, loggias, windows, and doors.
In some cases, licensed professionals review the work and sign it before submitting the design for approval by clients or construction permisioning. The need for licensed review and signature varies by locality, relevant legislation, and scope of work. Their work can involve significant travel to visit different locations. However, with technology development, the process of contacting clients and communicating design alternatives has become easier and requires less travel. They also renovate a space to satisfy the specific taste for a client.
Combining colors together could result in creating a state of mind as seen by the observer, and could eventually result in positive or negative effects on them. Colors make the room feel either more calm, cheerful, comfortable, stressful, or dramatic. Color combination make a tiny room seem larger or smaller. So it is the Interior designer profession to choose appropriate colors for a place in a way people want to look and feel in the space.
Many interior design magazines exist to offer advice regarding color palette, furniture, art, and other elements that fall under the umbrella of interior design. These magazine often focus on related subjects to draw a more specific audience. For instance, architecture as a primary aspect of Dwell, while Veranda is well known as a luxury living magazine. Lonny Magazine and the newly relaunched, Domino Magazine, cater to a young, hip, metropolitan audience, and emphasize accessibility and a do-it-yourself (DIY) approach to interior design.
In the 1950s and 1960s, upholsterers began to expand their business remits. They framed their business more broadly and in artistic terms and began to advertise their furnishings to the public. To meet the growing demand for contract interior work on projects such as offices, hotels, and public buildings, these businesses became much larger and more complex, employing builders, joiners, plasterers, textile designers, artists, and furniture designers, as well as engineers and technicians to fulfil the job. Firms began to publish and circulate catalogs with prints for different lavish styles to attract the attention of expanding middle classes.
Maybe it’s because summer is here. Maybe it’s because I just moved to a new home. Maybe it’s because there’s been a lot to celebrate lately. The bottom line: I’ve done a LOT of entertaining in the last month. And I wouldn’t have it any other way! In fact, some of the gatherings have come together last-minute, like the impromptu family dinner that put eleven guests around my table–thank goodness the table expands as needed!