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Interior Architecture

Interior Architecture Interior Architecture

Employers will be interested in seeing evidence of your creative talent and you should aim to create a portfolio of quality work to showcase your talent. This could include mood boards, design ideas and it would be a good idea to show off your skills in software with some designs created on the CAD and BIM software mentioned previously. Creating a website or blog and following and contributing to existing blogs that specialise in design related matters is a great way to showcase your ability and build contacts.

Breaking the headline statistics down to extract those relative to design alone reveals that in 2012:

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What’s the Difference Between Interior Architecture and Interior Design?

Back to top Interior architecture and design within the creative industries

Contact us today to find out more about our BA (Hons) Interior Architecture and Design course.

An interior decorator is solely concerned with the aesthetics of the building, including colour schemes, furniture, and art work. They are involved with the art side of design, and less with the science. Interior decorators will have no concern with the structural design of the building and are not required to be as knowledgable about building regulations. As in the image above of the Christmas decorations from the White house in 2014, there is no involvement with any aspect of the space other than with décor, so this project would require the services of an interior decoration contractor.

34% of the design workforce was located in London and the South East of England. 32% of the design workforce was self‐employed. 14% of the workforce was working on a part‐time basis. 50% of those working in design have a Level 4 qualification or above Men and women are equally likely to have a qualification at Level 4 or above Back to top How does the creative economy effect interior architecture and design practitioners?

Strictly speaking, interior architecture is a subject and not a profession. The designation of the term ‘architect’ is protected (like doctor) and cannot be used by anyone who does not have the specific qualifications and accreditation.

“From airport interiors to groundbreaking medical devices and design exhibitions, the creative industries account for around £1 in every £10 of the UK’s exports and are crucial to building a stronger economy.”

Industry standards in software constantly change and you will need to keep up-to-date with current trends and advances. Having said that, you will certainly need to be highly proficient in Adobe Indesign and Photoshop and you will need experience in computer-aided design (CAD) and building information modelling (BIM) software such as VectorWorks. Knowledge of 3D modelling software such as Cinema 4D and SketchUp will also be expected.

Interior architecture as a term has come into use  due to the increasing scope and responsibilities of interior designers in recent times due largely to improvements in design technology (CAD) as well as improvements in interior design education. Many degree courses now teach students about the structural technical elements of buildings, which has begun to blur the line between architecture and interior design.

Summary Interior architecture is the balancing of the art and science of designing an interior space taking into account all elements of the build. However, a designer with training in interior architecture cannot call themselves as such unless they have the professional accreditation from an architectural body.

Interior design is a broad ranging profession taking into account all aspects of planning and designing interior spaces in the built environment. The role of any two interior designers can vary greatly.

Interior decoration is concerned solely with the decoration or ‘art’ of a space including soft furnishings and colour schemes.

Adaptive reuse Ecovation Fuzzy architectural spatial analysis Interior design References[edit]

Interior architecture and design is a very popular discipline and there is always tough competition for jobs amongst people with similar skills and experience. It’s up to you to make your CV stand out to give you an advantage. There are a number of ways you can achieve this:

Don’t hesitate to approach companies and design agencies directly. Search for design agencies in the design directory of the British Design Innovation website. This will not only increase your knowledge of the industry but the names of the major and minor players within it.

Interior Architecture is the design of a space inside any building or shelter type home that can be fixed. It can also be the initial design and plan for use, then later redesign to accommodate a changed purpose, or a significantly revised design for adaptive reuse of the building shell.[2] The latter is often part of sustainable architecture practices, conserving resources through “recycling” a structure by adaptive redesign. Generally referred to as the spatial art of environmental design, form and practice, interior architecture is the process through which the interiors of buildings are designed, concerned with all aspects of the human uses of structural spaces. Put simply, Interior Architecture is the design of an interior in architectural terms.

Real Estate Opportunities were granted to redevelop the Battersea Power Station of England in November 2010

Canada: 58% of the top 100 companies are involved in projects there compared to 39% in 2009. Central and South America: Also growing to 37% from 26% Africa: Up to 27% from 22%

Membership of professional bodies can encourage opportunities through contacts, professional development and networking. Two relevant bodies you should consider are the British Institute of Interior Design and the Chartered Society of Designers.

Below, we have attempted to explain the differing roles and responsibilities of all of these professions.

So what is interior architecture, and perhaps just as importantly, how does it differ from architecture, interior design and interior decoration?

The term ‘interior design’ is used very broadly and can take into account practitioners of widely varying skill levels. This is often where the confusion comes from. However, a variety of skill levels within a given profession is common to all disciplines, and the argument of the difference between interior architecture and interior design is neither significant or constructive.

One of the most successful residential reuse projects was Gasometer City, in Vienna Austria. Four immense disused gasometers were successfully revamped in the late ‘90s and have since become famous in the world of adaptive reuse.

There were 193,969 people working in the design industry, of which:  

Median annual wages of wage-and-salary architects were $70,320 in May 2008. The middle 50 percent earned between $53,480 and $91,870. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $41,320, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $119,220. Those just starting their internships can expect to earn considerably less.

Corporate office: 35.4% Hospitality: 18.1% Health care/assisted living: 14.5% Retail: 7.1% Government: 7.7% Educational: 6.8% Residential: 3.1% Transportation: 2.3% Cultural: 2% Other: 3% 56% of the projects are new constructions and 44% are renovations.

There are many different degrees of alteration – a minor one to enable the building to conform to new legal codes is likely to prolong the first (or indeed later) iteration of interior space, but a major alteration, such as the retention of only the facade, is to all intents and purposes a new building. All possibilities within and between the two extremes are the domain of the interior architect.

It is by no means a straightforward profession and practitioners will testify to the countless difficulties that arise from working on such collaborative projects. However, the rewards come in seeing your own design go from concept to completion and become a permanent part of the built environment.

51% are in communications, interior and exhibition design 42% are in product and industrial design 7% are in stage and set design

Current rates suggest that starting annual salaries in the interior architecture and design industry range from £15,000 to £20,000. Experienced designers can expect to earn £20,000 to £35,000 and senior designers £45,000 to £75,000. These figures are intended as a guideline only and you should always check the trade press for the latest information.

The National Center for Education Statistics states that the definition of a degree program in interior architecture is: “A program that prepares individuals to apply architectural principles in the design of structural interiors for living, recreational, and business purposes and to function as professional interior architects. Study includes instruction in architecture, occupational and safety standards, structural systems design, heating and cooling systems design, interior design, specific end-use applications, and professional responsibilities and standards.”[9]

In addition to earning a degree in interior architecture, general licensure is required to work within the United States and some states have further licensing requirements.[10] In many European countries and in Australia the use of the title “Interior Architect” is legally regulated. This means that a practicing professional cannot use the title of “Interior Architect” unless they complete the requirements for becoming a registered or licensed architect as well as completing a degree program.[11]

An interior decorator will not usually need to be involved from the beginning of the build and will not need to have in-depth knowledge of technical elements such as CAD and structural design. They must, however, be very artistic and have a fantastic eye for interior design trends and aesthetic detail.

An altered building may look the same on the exterior, but its interior may be completely different spatially. The interior architect must therefore be sensitive not only to the place of the building in its physical and socio-political context, but to the temporal requirements of changing owners and users. In this sense, if the building has “good bones” the original architectural idea is therefore the first iteration of an internal spatial hierarchy for that structure, after which others are bound to follow

Interior architecture and design fits into this group and can similarly be branched out into separate specialisms such as lighting design, theatre set design, visual merchandising and museum and exhibition design.

What does an interior architecture and design practitioner actually do? What are the hours like? Opportunities What kind of salary am I likely to earn? What skills will I need? Choosing to study for a degree qualification Stand out from the crowd Interior architecture and design within the creative industries The creative economy How does the creative economy effect interior architecture and design practitioners? What does an interior architecture and design practitioner actually do?

You can find more information about careers in design, case studies and guides to setting up a business on the Get into Design and Creative Choices websites.

  The latest figures show that the top 100 firms are becoming increasingly sustainable; 89% have incorporated a ‘green design’ philosophy. This is reflected in the fact that 48% of all fees now come from green design, up from 37% last year.

The Creative and Cultural Industries is a term that describes a wide range of economic activities associated with the Arts and the generation of knowledge and information. This ‘creative economy’ includes disciplines such as architecture, the visual arts, advertising, literature and publishing, graphic design, the performing arts and television.

They work on projects for clients who require amendments to be made to an existing space (commonly called renovations) or a design for an entirely new construction. The client outlines the requirements of the project in what is known as ‘the brief’ and the designer must find a way to complete this from concept to completion.

1 Evolutions 1.1 Adaptive reuse 1.2 Sustainability 2 Earnings 2.1 Statistics 3 Education 3.1 Purpose 3.2 Degree programs 3.3 Example programs 4 See also 5 References

Design is an integral part of everyday life. It combines functionality, practicality, creativity and aesthetics to provide solutions that make living simpler and conducting business more effective.

The art and science of designing and erecting building interiors as a licensed architect and related physical features. The practice of an interior architect, where architecture means to offer or render professional services in connection with the design and construction of a building’s interior that has as its principal purpose human occupancy or use.

[3] A general term to describe building interiors and related physical features. A style or method of design and construction of building interiors and related physical features.

Interior of architect, Frank Lloyd Wright’s Robie House (1911). In 1956, The Archectural Record selected the Robie House as “one of the seven most notable residences ever built in America.” [1]

Some useful sites to look at when searching for jobs and information about trends within the industry include Design Week, Interior Design and Creative Pool.

The role of any two different interior designers may differ drastically. Whereas one may be more concerned with decor, soft furnishings and small scale projects, another may be more concerned with larger projects involving technical as well as artistic and aesthetic skills. The latter will be more likely to have studied interior architecture.

Between 2011 and 2016, the number of jobs in the Creative Industries in the UK has risen by nearly 20 per cent, accounting for 1.9 million jobs. This has gone up by nearly triple the rate of the UK economy as a whole. 

In 2016, it was reported that creative industries contribute a staggering £84 billion a year (just under £10m an hour) to the UK economy (Source). The creative industries will generate significant numbers of jobs over the next decade and it is estimated that 1.2 million new workers will be needed in the creative industries by 2020 (Source).

As a result, many interior design degree courses have been renamed as interior architecture degrees to more accurately reflect what they cover. Courses like this have also shot up in popularity, producing a growing number of architecturally savvy designers, and in turn making it more difficult to differentiate between architecture and interior design.

    There were 18,105 individual businesses operating in the UK, of which 94% employed less than 50 people.  

If the practice of Architecture is concerned with the art and science of new building, then the practice of Interior Architecture is concerned with the alteration of existing buildings for new uses.[2]

A critical part in the evolution of interior architecture and design is sustainability and consciously thinking of the environment and the materials being sourced- energy use, site selection, water usage, and material selection (Leigh Bacon[5]). This sub-category of Interior Architecture focuses on finding creative and holistic ways of building new or retro fitting existing structures that have little to no impact on the environment. The eco-friendly movement became an important issue around the 1970s when the major energy crisis struck, making individuals aware of their contributions and what can be done to help lighten the impacts (BStone[6]). Sustainability in Interior Architecture has really taken off in the last few decades with the help and advancements of technology, discovering new materials and efficient concepts that still lend the aesthetically pleasing aspect of a design. In past years, when it came to eco-design it had a stale and lack of luxury, elegance, and overall design; which inevitably received the reputation of being a “hippies” style or way of living. This is far from the case today with the overall known importance of being environmentally responsible, having an abundant amount of material options, and wanting to withhold an aesthetic design. Sustainable design is now a preferred and desired way of thinking and building that has and will be an ever-expanding and growing field.

Here at IDI we offer a BA (Hons) in Interior Architecture and Design that covers a broad range of the skills discussed in this article. We also offer an MA Interior Design course.

Certain structure’s interiors remain unaltered over time due to historic preservation, unchanged use, or financial limitations. Nevertheless, most buildings have only three possible long-range internal futures: First, designated significantly important to maintain visually unchanged, only accommodating unseen modern utilities, access, and structural stabilization, and restoration needs. Second, demolished to make way for a new building on the same site, or abandoned, becoming ruins. Finally, redesigned and altered to accommodate new uses.

Discussing the requirements of the project, commonly known as ‘the brief’, with clients, colleagues, contractors and sub-contractors Planning what methods and materials will most successfully meet the requirements of the space set out in the brief Providing an accurate schedule detailing when certain stages of the project will be completed Providing an accurate cost for the entire project Researching around the project and providing sketched examples and/or ‘mood boards’ to discuss with the client Using industry software to create working designs, models and plans for the space Sourcing materials for fittings, furniture, lighting and decoration required for the project from vendors Working closely with quantity surveyors to discuss and agree on costs and scheduling Working with architects, other design professionals and contractors to establish any potential problems at an early stage Working with the construction team to ensure the design is followed Supervising the project from concept to completion to ensure the brief is met on time and within budget Back to top What are the hours like?

Interior Architecture stands at the intersection of architecture, design of the built environment, and conservation. Interior architecture programs address the design issues intrinsic to the re-use and transformation of existing structures through both an innovative and progressive approach.

So, what is interior architecture? There has been a debate raging for some time around the terms architecture, interior architecture, interior design, and interior decoration. The discussion centres on the blurring of the lines that define the role and responsibilities of each profession: where does the interior design of a space end and architecture begin, and vice versa?

Window was designed by architect, Frank Lloyd Wright for the Robie House.

The changing needs of modern society have made the role of the architecturally aware interior designer increasingly prominent. In retail especially, a building is often redesigned on the interior only with the original shell of the building remaining unchanged. This kind of renovation project is the true realm of interior architecture.

Relevant experience is very important to show employers that you can work well in a team and in a professional environment. It is also a great opportunity for you to begin to build a network of contacts that can help you throughout your career. Building a career is a slow process requiring all the help you can get so don’t forget to stay in touch with people who you work with early on.

Many firms pay tuition and fees toward continuing education requirements for their employees.[7]

If you have an interest in your surroundings and constantly think of new ways of approaching space to create better environments; if you look around with a creative eye, implement changes to your home and often suggest changes your friends should make to their own, perhaps you should consider a career in interior architecture and design.

Follow trends in interior architecture and design on social media and in the industry news to ensure you have a good level of knowledge on the subject. Getting into the industry, even as an unpaid intern, is one of the best ways to acquire knowledge.

All interior designers, even those trained as interior architects, should be skilled in the art of interior decoration in order to complete their job properly.

We hope you enjoyed this article and feel inspired. Let us know what you think in the comments section below, and don’t forget to share:

If you are interested in studying interior design, or indeed interior architecture, make sure you think carefully about where your skills lie and research the course thoroughly before making a decision to ensure that your qualification will give you the best chance of success in what is a very competitive industry.

Cities are now dense with such buildings, perhaps originally built as banks that are now restaurants, perhaps industrial mills that are now loft apartments, or even railway stations that have become art galleries. In each case the collective memory of the shape and character of the city is generally held to be more desirable than the possibility of a new building on the same site, although clearly economic forces apply. It is also possible to speculate that there might well be further new interiors for these structures in future years, but for each alteration the technical and technological expertise of the era will determine the extent to which the building is modified in its building life cycle.

Although it is difficult to provide a comprehensive job profile, typically the work would include:  

Experience is crucial in the industry it is usual to spend five to ten years building a professional reputation. Those starting out will normally enter a company at a low level and spend time learning from more experienced colleagues. Depending on performance, they will be offered an increasing amount of responsibility until they are able to work on projects more independently.

If you decided that furthering your interior architecture and design skills through a degree qualification is for you, take care to choose the type of course and mode of study most appropriate to your needs. Full time study at an attendance based college or university is the norm, but this usually involves relocating, and if you have work or family commitments this may not suit you.

Experts in this field effectively manipulate space to accommodate the human activity that takes place there. With creative solutions they optimise the built environment to improve user experience and the functionality of space. They combine this with a keen knowledge of aesthetics and an understanding of materials, products, textures, fabrics, colour, lighting and other factors that go into creating the atmosphere and mood of specific environments.

Although the original spatial hierarchy of a building is always established by its first architect, subsequent iterations of the interior may not be, and for obvious reasons, older structures are often modified by designers of a different generation according to society’s changing needs as our cities evolve. This process often re-semanticizes the building as a consequence, and is predicated on the notion that buildings can never really be complete and unalterable.

The Battersea Power Station of England has become an iconic structure through adaptive reuse and has been featured in many forms of culture during its more-than-seventy-year-long history.[4]

The World Food Prize Hall of Laureates, formerly the Des Moines Public Library on the western bank of the Des Moines River in downtown Des Moines, Iowa.

Employers and clients would expect you to have relevant qualifications. The vast majority of people working in the industry will have an HND, Foundation degree or honours degree in interior architecture and design or a design-related discipline. A qualification gives employers confidence in your ability and has the added advantage of allowing you to build a portfolio of your work as you study.  

George Washington University, School of Interior Architecture and Design, BFA and MFA programs [12] Boston Architectural College, School of Interior Architecture, Bachelor of Interior Architecture/ Master of Interior Architecture [13] German-Jordanian University, School of Architecture and Built Environment, Department of Architecture and Interior Architecture, Bachelor of Science in Architecture/ Interior Architecture [14] University of Houston, Gerald D.

Hines College of Architecture, Interior Architecture program [15] Sligo Institute of Technology, School of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering and Construction [16] University of Nevada, Las Vegas, School of Architecture, Interior Architecture and Design [17] School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Department of Architecture, Interior Architecture, and Designed Objects [18] Cornish College of the Arts, Interior Architecture Department, BFA program.

[19] Auburn University, School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape architecture. Interior Architecture Program.[20] University of New South Wales, Faculty of Built Environment, Interior Architecture program [21] University of Oregon, Interior Architecture Department [22] University of Sint-Lucas Ghent and Brussels, Interior Architecture Department [23] Drexel University,[24] University of Indonesia,[25] UCSI University[26] Monash University, Interior architecture, Department of Architecture University of Bergen, Interior architecture and furniture design, Department of Design University of Memphis,[27] Department of Architecture, Interior Architecture Program See also[edit]

In November 2013, UK Business secretary, Vince Cable, championed how important the creative industries are for the UK economy:

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Specifically, in the interior architecture and design industry, statistics from the top 100 firms in the world (based on fees generated) show the spread of work to be:  

The practice of interior architecture requires designers to consider pretty much everything to do with the building of an interior space that will affect human habitation, including materials, finishes, electrical requirements, plumbing, lighting, ventilation, ergonomics, and intelligent use of space. Interior designers with training in interior architecture will usually be present at, and have an important say during all stages of the construction process, from the initial plans right through to the finishing touches.

There have been a number of factors over the last few decades that have increased the ambiguity of these titles, including the improvement of interior design education. This has in turn increased the scope of the profession and led many interior designers to becoming more involved with architectural and technical aspects of interior design, and less with the decorative, soft furnishings side.

Although job opportunities in interior architecture and design are increasing at a steady rate, it remains a highly competitive industry. It is vital to prove to employers that you have talent by creating a comprehensive portfolio and gaining relevant qualifications.

Earnings of partners in established architectural firms may fluctuate because of changing business conditions. Some architects may have difficulty establishing their own practices and may go through a period when their expenses are greater than their income, requiring substantial financial resources.

Working hours for interior architecture and design jobs vary depending on the demands of the project, but practitioners should be prepared to work outside the standard nine to five schedule. Evening and weekend work is common and long travel distances, depending on the location of the project, mean overnight stays are to be expected. You have to be flexible and willing to sacrifice your time for the benefit of the project.

You may prefer a more flexible, affordable alternative. Upon graduating from any of our online degree courses here at IDI, you will receive exactly the same degree certificate as attendance-based students:

    Interior architecture and design is also spreading globally. In 2012, a quarter of the top 100 interior architecture firms had foreign projects – an all-time high. Trending areas for interior architecture and design projects by the top 100 companies include:  

They must also present their suggestions to the client and build and maintain relationships with a number of other stakeholders including vendors, contractors, sub-contractors and surveyors.

On the architecture side, they must know how the interior of various buildings meet the needs of the people who use them and how to implement structural alterations to accommodate changing needs. For example, if a hospital is being converted into a modern office block, they are responsible for ensuring the layout of the revised building functions effectively and as it is intended. They also have the responsibilty of creating spaces that adhere to health and safety standards and to protect the well-being of the people who occupy them.

In simple and broad terms, interior design is more to do with the art of the building and interior architecture more concerned with the science.

Education in interior architecture should include the study of historic architectural and design styles, building codes and safety, preserving and restoring old buildings, drawing plans of original designs, and building physical and virtual (computer-based) models. The field of interior architecture has a lot in common with interior design and decorating; however, it typically focuses on architecture and construction. Students of both fields learn to design comfortable, safe, and useful indoor spaces, from downtown penthouses to high school classrooms. A student of interior architecture will learn about much more than artistic concerns, such as choosing which style of furnishings works well in an open, loft-like apartment. Study will also include information on technical issues, such as seismic retrofitting (making old buildings safe from earthquakes).[8]

This unique redevelopment has since become a sought after place to live with a close-knit inner community, and is looked upon as a very successful example of adaptive reuse.[4]

In order to become successful in this field, you will require the following skills and attributes:  

The British design industry is vital for overseas trade and new investment and the creative industries generate more than £36 billion a year for the UK economy – that’s £70,000 every minute.

In the UK alone, the creative and cultural industries were known to employ 678,480 people working in 74,640 businesses in 2012. Of these, a significant number were employed within the design industry specifically.

It is important to build a portfolio to present to potential employers. You should continue to build this throughout your career to present when considered for promotion within a company or to attract potential clients if self-employed. It is also common, and beneficial, to showcase work online.

Creativity and imagination Attention to detail Organisational and creative problem solving skills Negotiation and management skills Great communication and teamwork skills The ability to manage your time, meet deadlines and work within a budget Advanced IT skills Drawing skills, especially perspective drawing and spatial awareness Spelling and grammar Numerical competency

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